Preschool Math Activities for Mathematical Development



Preschool math activities encourage mathematical development. This is essentially part of advanced language development which gives children a better comprehension and insight into their concrete environment.





"There's a lot more to maths than numbers and sums; its an important language which helps us describe, explore and explain the world we live in..."


Preschool math activities should include:

  • numerical order - comprehension of the natural or logical arrangement of a sequence
  • counting skills - reciting numbers in order
  • dimensions - comprehension of measurements
  • numerical conceptualizing - the ability to form a concept based on observations, experiences and data
  • numerical relations - comprehension of an associations, such as equality or inequality between quantities and expressions
  • numerical symbols - comprehension of figures or signs used in math to represent quantity, function or operation
  • calculations - resolving problems by means of mathematical formulae
  • quantity, volume and weight



Children develop through three modes of thinking about numbers:

1. manipulative mode - working with real objects e.g. beans, cups, spoons

2. mental image mode - using mental images or pictures of real objects

3. abstract mode - using number concepts without thinking of images of objects


Preschool math activities should mostly require children to use the manipulative mode to explore mathematical concepts.

Tips for Teaching Preschool Math

Preschool Math Activities

Have you read these articles?

1. What is Preschool Math?
2. Early Math Skills





Preschool Math Activities for Developing Mathematical Skills


counting

Remember, that each individual has their own unique strengths and weaknesses.

No one is good at everything. The object of these stimulating activities, is to help your child develop each area to her unique potential and avoid learning difficulties, not to over-stimulate or try and develop super-babies!


The following are suggestions of preschool math activities you can do with your child to stimulate mathematical development. They are aimed at 3-5 year olds, but since this is a wide range, you should adapt them according to your child's proficiency.


1. Ask your child to count. As a guide, a four year old can usually count to ten, but only comprehends numbers up to five.

2. Ask your child to count five objects and them pass them to you. e.g clothes pegs

3. Build a stick of construction blocks. Ask your child to hold it behind his back and use his sense of touch to count how many blocks there are.

4. Place board games that require dice and counting spaces e.g snakes and ladders, ludo etc

5. Sing counting rhymes and songs

6. Talk about and compare things that illustrate concepts of full and empty (volume) and light and heavy (weight).

7. Let your child play with dominoes.

8. Give your child a ruler and ask her to measure different objects.

9. Measure the dimensions of a room in paces

10. Let your child share out candy equally between family members.




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